What is Frozen Shoulder?
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis most commonly affects patients between the ages of 40 to 60. It results in a loss of both active and passive range of motion and can be quite painful. It is more common in women and in patients with diabetes. The most common presenting symptoms are pain and loss of range of motion. It is not usually associated with trauma. X-rays will reveal no abnormalities. MRI is usually not necessary, but may show a contacted capsule and loss of the inferior pouch. Treatment usually consists of a cortisone injection and extensive therapy to regain range of motion. Patients should notice a significant improvement in pain and function within the first 6-8 weeks of therapy. In rare cases, surgical intervention may be warranted for an arthroscopic capsular release.